How to Change a Drive Belt
Drive belts are simply belts which help to drive the accessories such as water pump, air conditioner compressor and others which attached to the engine of an automobile. Drive belts used in automobiles are of two types: V- type (used in old automobiles) and Serpentine (used in new automobiles). Like all other parts drive belt also requires regular maintenance. If you are hearing squeaks from under the hood of your car then chances are that the culprit is the drive belt and it’s time to change it.
Changing the drive belt is something you can do at home without the need of a professional mechanic. If you have some knowledge about cars and would like to try this on your own, in this OneHowTo article we're going to explain how to change a drive belt.
The first thing you need to do is locate the drive belt. The V- type belts are looped around two pulleys. Also there are more than two belts which overlap each other forming a V shape. The serpentine belt is easy to locate as it is a single belt which weaves through several pulleys.
The second step is to check the belt. If the belt has crack or is frayed or showing signs of wear and tear or it is missing some chunks then you must replace the belt. Also if the belt has coolant or oil on it then it needs to be replaced. Using this type of drive belt may cause problem as it won’t run all the accessories of the engine properly.
Before removing the drive belt find out the routing diagram. Usually the routing diagram is present underneath the hood of your automobile or else in the manual. Also make sure that you remember whether the flat side of the belt or the grooved side of the belt makes contact with each pulley. Setting the wrong side of the belt on the pulley will create problem in future.
Now you have to release the tension on the drive belt. For serpentine belts, compress the spring load tensioner and the tension will be released. For V–shape belts, you need to remove it by adjusting one of the pulleys so that tension can be released.
After tension is released the belt will easily slide off the other pulleys and can be removed.
Now check all the pulleys whether any of them are malfunctioning or needs replacement or not.
Buy the new drive belt and compare it with the old one. It’s length and width should be the same as the old one.
Then using the routing diagram adjust the new belt over the pulleys exactly as it was earlier. Then tighten the belt properly (for V–type belt it can be done manually).
If you have a helper or friend, then ask the person to start the car while you watch the belt. Make sure the belt is running smoothly without any slips or squeals. If there is any problem which you can’t diagnose or solve then it’s better to contact a professional.
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